Report of the visit of the World Q-pedia Encyclopedia to the Tabuk region on Safar 23, 1442 AH - Part Two

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The town of Muwailih is located in the Tabuk region in the northwest of the Kingdom and the Arabian Peninsula, and the town overlooks the Red Sea, and today it belongs to the Governorate of Duba. Some believe that its name came from the salty eyes that were in it, so Mawaleh is  short form of salty , while others think otherwise.

As for its old name, it is Nabek, and it was called by Ibn Fadlallah Al-Omari (740 AH) and Al-Jaziri (977 AH).As for the travelers, geographers and historians before Ibn Fadl Allah Al-Omari, it was called Al-Nabek, and we find its name by Mawleh among the travelers who came after Al-Jaziri, such as Al-Ayyashi, Al-Sarraj Al-Qaisi, Sibret Al-Mousawi, and others. As for Ibn Fadl Allah Al-Omari, who was a precursor to Al-Jaziri, he called it Al-Muwailiha. Likewise, Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani ( 852 AH), Al-Maqrizi, Al-Sakhawi, Ibn Taghri Bardi, and Al-QLQshandy.

Some historians stated that the location of Muwailih is the same site of the  city of Qawom Shuaib, peace be upon him, and that the name of Madian disappeared after the destruction of the city, and replaced it with the name of Muwailih. But Al-Jaziri mentioned that Median or Shuaib caves were located on the Al-Hajj Al-Masry road before Al-Muwailih, on the way from Egypt to Makkah. Median also has many monuments dug in the mountains and caves, so it is definitely another site than Muwailih.

In the past, Muwailih was among the  stations of the pilgrims' road, especially Al-Hajj Al-Masry (Egyptian pilgrims road) , and to provide them with water, several wells were dug in Al-Muwailih, and the famous castle was built in it.

Muwailih Castle

The castle was built in the tenth century AH, on a high elevation that overlooks the Red Sea. Four huge towers with many openings were placed in its corners, and between each of the two towers there was a wall with small holes for guns, as well as a corridor that could accommodate the movement of soldiers. There is no doubt that protecting the pilgrims is one of the reasons for building this castle, but it is not the only reason.

The plaque above the gate to the entrance to the castle indicates that the building was in the year 968 AH, and this is what makes the historical analyst inclined that one of the reasons for its construction was the conflict over the Red Sea, it is known that the Portuguese were trying to control it since the end of the ninth century AH, and the Arabs confronted them on both coasts The Red Sea is one of the people of the Hijaz and the people of Egypt, and the Sultans of Egypt sent several armies to repel the Portuguese campaigns, and the people of the Hijaz, with the help of their brothers from some other regions of the Arabian Peninsula, repelled the Portuguese and fought them. However, the Hijaz was subject to the control of the Ottoman Empire after the year 922 AH, but it did not play any role to protect the Hijaz and the Red Sea from the Portuguese, and the resistance was self-contained from the people of the Hijaz and their brothers and their aides in the neighboring regions. What caused great anger against the Ottoman Sultan at the time, Suleiman the Magnificent, who did not play any role in the resistance of the Portuguese in the region, as he neglected it and neglected to defend it, and had it not been for the jihad and efforts of the local residents of the region in defending their homeland, parts of the Hejaz would have fallen under Portuguese occupation, And the Portuguese controlled the Red Sea.

Resentment and blame increased on Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent for abandoning his responsibilities, and some scholars believe that he had to agree to build a castle in Muwailih, which is a castle that we are talking about. However, Abd al-Qadir al-Jaziri mentions that what was built by the Basha Ali Agha when he was in power in Egypt, and that the beginning of the construction was in 967 AH, and that one of the goals of building the castle was to be “a home and a stronghold for the preservation of the money of merchants and subjects and as a deterrent to the people of corruption and affliction.” He built the castle, and those who took care of that, and the wells in which he dug, and he mentioned that it became five wells after that, and he mentions that he drank its water and found it fresh and potable.

In the year 1185 AH / 1771 AD the castle was restored, as Mustafa bin Muhammad al-Muwailhi, the  governor  of the castle, held a meeting in the castle to edit the restoration document, and in 1236 AH updates were made to the castle’s architecture, and it was brought up again in 1281 AH / 1864.

Al-Muwailih was affiliated to the first Saudi state, then it was to King Abdulaziz in 1344 AH, and Sheikh Abdul Rahim bin Ahmed Al-Wakeel mentions that Al-Muwailih Castle was the headquarters of some of King Abdulaziz's forces between 1345 and 1354 AH.

With the spread of security and safety, and the arrangement of administrative conditions, and the organization of the army and police, castles no longer play the role it previously played, and remained of historical and archaeological value.

The history of Muwailih and its castle are closely related to the family of Al-Wakeel Al-Muwailhi, who have run it for centuries.

Trade movement:

Al-Muwailih location on pilgrims  Road helped increase commercial traffic there. Since the Muwailih Castle was established and the wells were dug, the inhabitants were able to overcome the salinity of the water, so that the traveler Abdul-Ghani Nabulsi (1105 AH) praised Muwailih with the sweetness of its water, and stated that it was full of people, and the traveler George August Valen estimated the inhabitants of Muwailih in 1256 AH - 1840 with 70 or 80 families, and that the garrison It consists of 40 people, and it is mentioned that their homes are built with sandstone and clay. It also shows that the orchards and palms in Muwailih are larger than their counterparts on the way to Makkah. Al-Jaziri mentioned that many of Al-Muwailih's residents worked in fishing, before the castle was built. As for after the castle was built, agriculture spread, and the fertility of the land helped it, producing dates, vines, grains, beans, cucumber, and watermelon. Ali Pasha Mubarak mentions tobacco, "tuna, smoke" as well. A market is held in front of the gate of the castle, in which what the pilgrims and travelers need are sold, and goods are brought to her. Merchants and vendors who go to Muwailih stay in huts or tents they bring with them. Al-Muwailih has commercial relations with the Red Sea ports, and with some Egyptian cities and others. Travelers and historians describe the methods of trade, buying and selling that take place in Muwailih. As for the currency used, it seems to change from time to time, and Valin mentions in 1840 that the currency in circulation in Muwailih is the silver Maria Theresa dollar, the Spanish Riyal, the French Riyal, and the penny.

In the books of travelers and historians:

Dr. Jawad Ali mentions in “The Detailed History of the Arabs before Islam” that the port of Lueke Kome, meaning the White City, is one of the most important commercial ports on the coasts of Hejaz during the Ptolemaic era, from which ships head to the Egyptian coast to unload their cargo there, then they are transported either by convoys, Or by ships from the dug channel between the Red Sea and the Nile River to continue their way to the ports of the Mediterranean ... Vincent saw that Loayka heap is Muwailih in the present time, and it is a village with orchards, farms and palm trees, and its water from wells has a caravan route to Madinah  and to Tabuk.

Among the texts mentioned above on the authority of Al-Muwailih with this wording or feminization is what Ibn Fadl Allah Al-Omari (740 AH) mentioned in his large encyclopedia “Paths of Sight in the Kingdoms of The Countries), when he said: “Al-Nabek and it is called Al-Muwailha ... and it is on the coast of (Red Sea) Qalzam, and its water is returned and it is a poor salt. The drinker almost relieved it, and from drinking it excessively diarrhea due to the severity of the borax and salt it contains. It is noted that the description of Muwailih water with salinity was before the construction of the castle and the digging of new wells. As for the travelers who came after that, they described its water as sweet because they drank the water from its new wells. It is known that the Red Sea was called Qulzam in the ancient time.

Al-Jaziri visited Al-Muwailih in 955 H, and he talked about it on his journey in details in various places, mentioning what was brought to it from the goods, and that it had become the most important resources for the Hijaz, and described its people with kindness, generosity and the love of people, and he also mentioned that thieves and thieves used to abound around it at night.

What a place that surpassed All -places it was added from  the imports and the exports, and it contains a number of vines, which in their vision worries vanish, upgrading them to the castle deposits are deposited, inside them, in the field of export, the valuables of the goods are supplied, of fruits brought by the Arabs, and the doughs of its dough are like soft rings of gold".

Al-Ayyashi (1090 AH) quotes in his trip "Ma' Al-Mawa'ed" from Sheikh Al-Bakri as saying: “Then we departed from it Bandar Al-Muwailih, the famous, and we saw in its coast the boats from Suez and Al-Tor. Al-Worthalani (d. 1193 AH) said in his journey on al-Muwailih: “al-Muwailih place, we arrived  at noon, and God knows best, and it is a great place of abundant wealth. It is very beneficial, and that this place is the greatest benefit from the path and the fastest to relieve the need, so you do not know the same benefits that are in it, both private and public.

Muhammad bin Abdullah al-Husayni al-Musawi (d.1012 AH), famous for Kabreet  in his trip “Winter and Summer,” described it by saying, “Then we did not go to the valleys, and cut the fadafid behind the evidence and the sharp, until we came on Muwailih and I do not know whether it is derived from the navigation or the salty, or the situation as he said It has two sides in itself. In the sentence, it is a shining coast with clear water, and it is pleasant to live in it, even as if it had not tasted the taste of desolation, and the sides of its areas were green. Our day is on water, greenness, and a beautiful face ... It was agreed in Muwailih that there is prosperity that the pens do not describe nor contain numbers, including soft fish, various fruits, and a lot of arak.

They asked the praise of Wells  and I answered them

These wells cannot be praised

I say that if you abide me by their praise

This muwailih in its wells  are  sweeter

In general, there was no better place in those houses than this coast, its water in relation to those houses was sweet , its orchards were good flowering, the atmosphere was spacious, and its air was healthy, so it is still a paradise in those paths.

The famous Egyptian officer and traveler Muhammad Sadiq Pasha (1320 AH) also visited it during the Egyptian road to the Hajj in 1297 H, and mentioned that it was a fortified castle with a mosque, stores and a governor, and he mentioned that the garrison had 23 soldiers, and described its length and width, cannons, wells and stores in it, and the number of its people , And more.

Al-Muwailih was visited and described by a number of Western travelers, such as Richard Burton, Valen, and Abdullah Philby.

Haql City:

It is one of the governorates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and it is considered a natural museum in the open air, which makes it a destination for all lovers of integrated nature. Where the land mixes with the sea, and the beauty increases due to the presence of coral reefs, in addition to the palm trees that are shading  by their shade.



Haql City location:

The city of Haql is located in the northwestern side of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, specifically on the northeastern coast of the Gulf of Aqaba, and it is considered to be part of the Tabuk region. It is two hundred square kilometers away from Tabuk, and we find it thirty kilometers to the south of the city of Aqaba in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The population of this governorate reaches twenty-seven thousand people, and the number increases with the passage of days.

Climate in Haql City:

The climate of the city of Haql is considered a moderate climate if it is in the summer or in the winter season, and its climate is characterized by lack of humidity in the summer despite the fact that this city is located on the Red Sea, and in the summer this city blows cool air breezes, which makes it more beautiful and magical.

Governorate of Haql is the Tourism Destination:

The city of Haql is one of the most important active governorates in the tourism field in Tabuk region, and its most important tourist center. Whereas, the Dura port is the destination for travelers heading to the port of the last Aqaba in the Kingdom, and Durra is a suitable place to spend a rest time for travelers in it, and also to supply what they need on this travel trip. There are many touristic  sites in Haql. As a large number of chalets have been built recently in addition to touristic resorts on its shores, and it is considered the most beautiful place for those who prefer to sit on the shore and enjoy the Red Sea atmosphere, especially in the evening; Where the Jordanian city of Aqaba looms shimmering lights, the Palestinian city of Umm Al-Rashrash is beautiful, and the Egyptian city of Taba can also be seen. Heads and shrubs, in addition to bays and other lakes and sand dunes in this city, form its coastal strip on the Red Sea, and all of them were formed by tidal actions on the beach, and the movement of the sea and its high wave worked to form this artistic painting that characterizes this city. The government in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is trying to make the Corniche of this city a huge open international museum. Where many artistic models are placed in it, all of which are occupied by major international artists, making it a great destination for tourism overlooking the Red Sea.

Disa in Tabuk, the land of the doum palm, mountains and fresh water:

Al Disa is one of the most beautiful places in the northwest of the Kingdom, surrounded by mountains carved by the factors of time. It looked as if they were lofty palaces and a deep valley crossed them, from which the very sweet water springs, as if they were mixed with honey 

Place and time:

Disa is located in the southwest of the city of Tabuk at a mountain strait located between the Karagar Mountains .. It starts from the heights of the Free Rahaa, where its torrents descend to pass its waters through a road drawn for thousands of years as if it were a gorge that starts very narrow within a few meters and then increases wider as it heads west and is called Wadi Damah or Wadi Qaraqer, and its water pours into the Red Sea, south of Daba Governorate. And the word Disa in Hejaz means a valley with dense palm trees. Desset Wadi Damah was famous for its palm and the doum fruit that appears as grains and is a very sweet fruit family, although it is tough in peeling and eating.. It is also famous for its eyes that burst from the Karakir Mountains and flow in the valley in the middle of the palms throughout the year.

A person who goes to Disa without a local guide will definitely get lost among its valleys and steep mountains, and the region lacks a comprehensive or guided tour guide; but some of the people of the Badia who pass to Disa have some descriptions of the roads in order to reach the inner part of a paradise that penetrates a deep valley.

Suspended Palaces:

Towards northwest, and after about 200 km, your destination will have reached the the heart, and you turn left and right to see something wonderful about the Creator's creativity - the Almighty - in the nature of the moored mountains, as if they were suspended palaces beautifully carved and between the jaws of the valley .. going to the Disa by way Dhaba separates the road after about a hundred kilometers towards the east to Disa, and from there the road is paved with one road to the beginning of the village, which as soon as you come to it until you are surprised. Everything is striking, on the horizon the Qaraqir al-Hamar mountains, which are standing tall, as if they were palaces, and their height ranges from 450 to 1750 meters in a majestic view, beautifully enhanced by their dark red color, especially in the afternoon.

While walking on the town's roads, you will find in front of you the enormous numbers of citrus trees that stand on the banks of the road and palm trees, and your attention will inevitably attract the scattered dom trees, which are classified from the palm tree family, and have a wonderful view, especially that they are in groups that form a forest of greenery; The dom tree has a strange fruit that is very different from the palm fruit called al-Muqal.

The Blue eye:

Many visitors coming to Disa like to go to Al-Ain Al-Zarqa (The Blue Eye) , which is an area that collects water from the famous springs in it, so you will see the act of God from the beauty of nature, greenery, and the water poured from the mountain towards the valley in a way that cannot be described as many visitors and people gather to drink that pure water or sit and brown The banks of the valley.


Climate and weather:

Disa is famous for its mild weather in winter and is characterized by its nice and clean air, and in winter, it has warm weather during the day and cool breezes at night.

The most famous fruits:

Disa is famous for its honeydew mango, which is small in size, but it is rare due to its small quantities that go to the market and at high prices for its sweetness. There are citrus fruits such as oranges, tangerines and lemons, but most of them are grown in palm trees.


It is a Saudi city belonging to the Tabuk region and overlooking the Red Sea. It is located within the geographical scope of the NEOM project, which was launched by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz on October 24, 2017, and the Council of Ministers headed by King Salman convened for the first time on July 31, 2018. It is located in Neom Bay Airport.


The city of Sharma is located in the Tabuk region, 140 km away from Tabuk, and 35 km north of Duba. There is a tourist road connecting it to the city of Tabuk, and it is 849 km away from Jeddah.


The city of Sharma is characterized by its attractive coastlines on the Red Sea, and is famous as a resort.

"Mughair Shuaib" or "Madain Shuaib", and it is also called (Madain):

It is that spot mentioned in the Holy Quran. God Almighty said in Surah Hood after the story of the people of Lot: {The Madiyan and their brother Shu'aib said: O my people worship Allah, what other god you do not subtract weights and measures, I see fine and I fear for you the torment on the perimeter (84).  Mughair Shuaib is located in Al-Bada governorate, which is one of the governorates of the Tabuk region, 225 km to the northwest of it, and it is located between longitudes 30 - 34, 30 - 35 north and latitudes 00 - 28, 00 - 29 east. # 2 # Mughair Shuaib was an agricultural settlement since 100 BC. AD until the year 550 AD, when twenty years of drought forced its inhabitants of the Nabateans to move north to the Fertile Crescent. The Antiquities and Museums Agency describes the site as an ancient "oasis" that Ptolemy called Al-Ayyinah, dating back to the Nabatean era, as well as the site of an ancient city from the early Islamic period known as al-Malqta. Al-Bada is an ancient oasis located at the end of Wadi Afal, and was mentioned by Ptolemy as “Ainunah the graves,” and the town is evidence of the continued existence of several nations in different eras. # 3 # Al Bida'a can be reached from Tabuk via the beautiful Sharma beach, which is a short road that passes through more than a mountain high, or from the coastal road bordering the Red Sea. The high mountains above the valleys are undoubtedly a view of Yasser Al-Labab, either from the road leading to the center of the well and from there to the honor, then the center of Al-Bada, the site of the impact, and the visitor must travel a distance of approximately 225 km. Al-Bada 'is located between Haql and Muqna and the two sites on the Red Sea coast, but Al-Bada is not like that, as it is about 45 km from the sea. In general, Al Bid'a, most of them consist of mountain ranges in the northern part of the Arabian Shield, while the western part is a narrow coastal plain that extends along the Gulf of Aqaba.

«Good name» (Taieb Essem)

One of the most prominent tourist sites on the Maqna beach, "200 km west of the city of Tabuk", attracted during last week's vacation a lot of trekking and hiking in the picturesque nature.

What distinguishes "good name" (Taieb Essem) is that it is a fissure in the middle of tall mountains with running water throughout the year, and at the entrance to Al Bahari lies an oasis of palms that cast a shadow on visitors.

Ras Sheikh Hamid

 Ras Sheikh Hamid is a Cap in the Tabuk region in Saudi Arabia, between the beginning line of the Gulf of Aqaba and the end line of the Red Sea and is located to the east of the islands of Tiran and Sanafir, which are located in the Straits of Tiran.

The area of Ras Sheikh Hamid is considered one of the distinctive areas for swimming and diving enthusiasts, as the waters of the region are characterized by clarity, and the visitor can see the mountains of Sharm el-Sheikh and Al-Tor across the Straits of Tiran, where the distance between them is no more than 17 km.

The origin of the name for a grave is said that its owner is Sheikh Hamid and that he was a righteous man. He used to go to this area honoring the guests and assisting those who sought help, and when he died, he was buried in the area and was named after him.

Sheikh Hamid's plane.

In March 1960, a foreign plane of unknown nationality landed at the head of Sheikh Hamid, and there was a guard in the hill at the entrance to the Gulf of Aqaba. They monitored the plane, and they observed the descent of people from it who went to the sea and returned after a while and they were four foreign tourists and when they finished Swimming, the aircraft’s engine malfunctioned and its members stayed for a while until they were transferred to Jeddah after they were arrested by the Saudi border guards, and then they were deported by their embassy.

Al-Aznem Castle, Tabuk



Built stone upon stone as a station and rest stop

The castle is located in the Al-Aznam Valley, which is littered with old palm trees, making it more like an oasis that emerged from the history books, Between the governorates of Al-Wajh and Duba, the centuries-old castle resides on an area of more than 1500 meters. It is 100 km from Al-Wajh, 45 km south of Duba, and it belongs to the Tabuk region. You can see it waving from afar while you are on the highway connecting Duba and Al Wajh.

Al-Aznim Castle and Al-Muwailih Castle were two stations that received pilgrims in late Islamic times, especially during the Mamluk and Ottoman era, as they used rest stations when arriving from the coast, and when leaving as well .. and they stored supplies in them and used them to come and go, and it was also a place for trusts, as it was stored. The pilgrims contain some of their needs that they will not need while on the way to perform the rituals of Hajj, so the Aznum was a fortified Mamluk style castle built from harmonious yellow stones.

In every corner of its four corners there is a fortified tower consisting of several floors, and the rectangular castle includes a number of spacious rooms and hallways, semicircular boards, and a large divan, and there is a well to supply water, and the ruins of the castle are not without aesthetic features. In the fourteenth century AD, specifically from 1303 to 1340 AD, the Mamluk Sultan Nasir al-Din Muhammad ibn Qalawun ordered the construction of this castle in the midst of his interest in the matter of pilgrims coming from Egypt via the port of Dhu, located today in the city of Duba. After a century and a half, specifically in 1509 AD, Sultan Qansuh al-Ghuri ordered the restoration of the castle, and adding some facilities.

Today, the castle, like other  ancient castles, is subject to attention and restoration by the General Authority for Tourism, Heritage and Nationality, and Prince Sultan bin Salman, Chairman of the General Authority, visited and stood by it. An amount of 5 million riyals has been allocated for its complete restoration, to return to its previous era, but it will remain an archaeological site that witnesses the old pilgrimage road.

Alaqan village

It is considered one of the distinctive locations on the tourism map in Tabuk region. The nature of its towering mountains and the purity of its sands have added an attractive dimension to desert tourism.


Al-Wajh Governorate, with what God blessed it in terms of beaches and coasts, has become one of the most important tourist destinations on the map of the homeland, as it is the first destination for diving enthusiasts and those interested in it, due to its marine environment that allows free and natural contact between people and the place.


The depth of the sea in Al Wajh governorate includes many natural treasures, coral reefs, marine creatures and important fish wealth, due to the difference in terrain and the diversity of marine creatures that live in it within its pristine marine and environmental framework.

Al-Wajh is not the destination of divers in the Kingdom only, but also in the whole world. It is the most attractive diving center in its seas, whether for deep diving "scuba" or surface diving "snorkel" and a destination for underwater adventures through which the diver meets swarms of fish, brightly colored snails, and mollusks from Various species, in addition to the presence of mollusk reefs around which thousands of small fish dance, and anemones that attract clown fish and sardines.

The Sea of Wajh contains a huge wealth of endless fish species of white fish, emu, grouper, and the king of fish vocalis, in addition to the presence of "sea cucumbers" that work to create an important environmental balance within this wonderful system in the most important part of the Red Sea.

The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and His Highness, the trustworthy Crown Prince - may God protect them - do a lot to support the tourism sector in the Kingdom in general, and in the coasts of the region in particular, when he ordered - may God protect him - to establish many development projects in them because of their positive repercussions. On the citizen and the country, drawing attention to the importance of these projects that embody the wise vision in working to diversify tourism resources and support marine sports.

It is noteworthy that Al-Wajh governorate includes the largest project in the world, the Red Sea project, and the project includes exceptional tourist resorts on more than 50 natural islands between the cities of Umluj and Al-Wajh, a few distances from one of the natural reserves in Saudi Arabia and the dormant volcanoes in the Free Zone, and the project will constitute a destination. A leading coastal area, located on a number of virgin Islands in the Red Sea.

The first phase will be completed in the last quarter of 2022, as this phase will witness the development of the airport, the port, the development of hotels and luxury residences, the completion of facilities, infrastructure, and transportation services. Such as boats, seaplanes, and others

It is noteworthy that Al-Wajh governorate includes the largest project in the world, the Red Sea project, and the project includes exceptional tourist resorts on more than 50 natural islands between the cities of Umluj and Al-Wajh, a few distances from one of the natural reserves in Saudi Arabia and the dormant volcanoes in the Free Zone, and the project will constitute a destination. A leading coastal area, located on a number of virgin islands in the Red Sea.



A governorate from Tabuk region governorates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and Umluj is a coastal governorate, 138 km from Yanbu to the north. Umluj , like the rest of the coast of the Tabuk region, is famous for fishing lobster. It is located on the Red Sea coast between the city of Al-Wajh in the north and the city of Yanbu in the south, about 570 km away from the city of Tabuk to the south, and it is one of the ancient historical sites, and it is located on longitude (14/37) and latitude (5/25), which is one of the governorates of Tabuk. The city has flourished and expanded in the present era, and the movement of commercial, urban and educational activity in the city increased.

Some believe that Umluj, in its current location, is not a recent era, but rather an ancient city with a new name, as it was called before (Al-Hawra). On its southern side, however, the lack of monuments in Umluj suggests otherwise. While there are many ruins and remnants of ancient ruins visible to the north of the current city of Amlaj, its location is called Ghabaya, and this may give an indication that this area is the al-Hawra'a that was mentioned in the ancient pilgrimages.

It is called the White City, or Saudi Maldives, as some like to call it, but it is more beautiful. With its white sands and picturesque nature and the islands that surround you from everywhere, it is the city of undisputed pristine beauty.

On the shores of the Red Sea, between the cities of Al-Wajh and Yanbu, the city of Umluj is the main important port in the Tabuk region, and the city of Umluj was in the old days the second largest commercial city after the city of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, and it bore the name Al-Hawra. There are many ruins and remnants of ancient ruins clear in the north of the city, and it is believed that the city lived in the Roman era and was known as the White City.

Umluj is characterized by its picturesque beaches, high-end tourist resorts and amazing islands, of which there are approximately 103 islands, the most famous of which are; Jabal Hassan, Fawaida, Umm Sahar, Labneh and Maliha, which made tourism in Umluj an ideal choice for those who wanted a mixture of charming nature, privacy and tranquility.

Hassan Island:

One of the most famous touristic islands of Umluj, which is visited by thousands of tourists visiting the charming coastal city; It enjoys stunning sandy beaches and clear waters that reveal the colorful bottom fish, with farms that grow on rainwater, and charter boats and yachts, sailing and fishing are among the activities that tourists enjoy on the island.

Hassan Island (Jabal Al-Hassani) is the largest of the uninhabited Amlaj Islands, thanks to its area of 24 square kilometers (6 km in length and 4 km in width).


The island is located 18 km by land and 10 nautical miles from the city of Umluj on the northwest coast of the Kingdom. It is surrounded from all directions by a group of islands such as Mleiha in the south, Labnah in the west, and Umm Sahar in the southeast.

Duqm is considered one of the most beautiful beaches in the Kingdom. Which made it the most prominent tourist destination in Umluj, if you are looking for a wonderful place to spend a vacation among the picturesque nature amidst the wonderful palm trees; You should visit this unique and wonderful beach, which is one of the favorite destinations for photography and entertainment enthusiasts.

You can enjoy a walking tour of Duqm Corniche, which is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Umluj, as it is one of the city parks, which is characterized by its extended green spaces and its sessions overlooking the coast. You can also take your family to visit the port of Umluj, which is the most vital location, where you can take a stroll on the nearby beaches and take cruises ٬ and you can embark on an enjoyable cruise to visit the islands of Umluj.

Ras El Shabaan Beach, which is located south of Umluj, is ideal for children, as it is characterized by a gradient water depth; This enables children to practice various activities safely.

At the Al-Ghabaya site there are the ruins and monuments of the ancient city of Al-Hawra, which was mentioned in the ancient pilgrimage trips.

There is also the old emirate palace, which dates back to 1954, which continued to be used as a residence for the ruler of the region until 1975. Then you can wander in the old town of Umluj, and its most prominent features are the old market that offers traditional goods, where you can buy souvenirs.

The report was prepared by the visiting team:

  • Mr./ Ali Al Waheedi
  • Mr./  Ali Al Seif
  • Mr./  Talal Khalifa
  • Mr. / Khaled As-Sulaimi

And with follow-up by:

  • / Saad Addrees

General supervision and implementation:

  • / Jaloud bin Dakhil

The visit is officially sponsored by:

  • Bin Dajam Iron Factory


Share the success of the visit

  • Tourism Committee in Tabuk Chamber
  • Apex team (Mountain Summit) to organize excursions
  • Saja group to organize trips

Resources and references:

  • Team Desert site
  • Read magazine
  • Knowledge Magazine
  • The Saudi Press Agency
  • Al-Jazeera newspaper
  • Saudi Al-Eqtessadya Newspaper
  • Saudi Spirit Website / Ministry of Tourism
  • Tabuk dictionary of m. Nasser Al-Atwi 


الكلمات الدلالية :

مدينة, المويلح, البحر, القلعة, المدينة, الأحمر, الشيخ, الديسة, الوجه, منطقة, الحجاز, المنطقة, الرحالة, الطريق, محافظة, الأحمر،, المملكة, العقبة, الجزيري, السعودية, النخيل, ويذكر, البدع, السياحية, وكانت, السياحة, قديمة, الحجاج, الغربي, تبوك،, المواقع, الكثير, السلطان, رحلته, الأزنم, المصري, أملج،, ذكرها, جزيرة, سلمان, الدوم, ميناء, العمري, الجبال, القلعة،, الجنوب, البرتغاليين, محافظات, القرن, إضافةً, الطبيعة, عديدة, المياه, الوادي, وكأنها, الجزء, طبيعة, لمنطقة, السياحي, أشجار, الصيف, العهد, الشمالي, الأحمر., الجهة, ويوجد, يعتبر, الجزيرة, الآثار, وتوجد, لقضاء, بداية, الموجودة, الذين, القديم, سواحل, البحرية, الأسماك, التجارية, القديمة،, المويلح., الملك, الرحلات, حميد،, العملة, التجاري, الدرّة, لويكة, وجميعها, البيضاء, الواقع, السياحة:, المصرية, والريال, وأيضاً, الحامية, الجلوس, فالين, المكان, الآبار, الأسماك،, موانئ, القلاع, المدن, تاريخ, الحركة, جمالاً, استراحة, يزداد, المنازل, متحفاً, المناهل, والخضرة, الجمال, الماء, السّعوديّة،, العربيّة, الساحل،, مياهه, زارها, حصينة, المحافظات, وبالجملة, الدليل, وتسمى, وتحدث, الساحل, الأردنيّة, المناخ, والجزر, إليها, البضائع،, المختلفة, الشهير, أنواع, حولها, مناهل, باردة, ومنها, شواطئ, بمنطقة, خارطة, عليها., الوجهات, الغوص, أسماك, العالم, الطبيعية, للسياحة, العامة, الشاطئ, وعندما, السباحة, طائرة, وكانوا, الهيئة, وتحديدًا, السياح, المشاريع, مشروع, يتميز, مثاليًا, الخلابة, لزيارة, بحرية, لتنظيم, الزيارة:, يمكنك, رحلات, الحوراء, الجزر, ساحلية, المشروع, البكر, المرحلة, أطلال, وبقايا, حديثة, لهواة, المميزة, صحيفة, الشرق, باتجاه, شاهقة, خصوصاً, الزوار, العين, الحمضيات, الشاهقة, حتماً, الشمال, والماء, كورنيش, الشديدة, اشتهرت, الذاهب, قراقر, فصيلة, القادمين, الذهاب, مسافة, ويمكن, الوجود, يتكون, عبارة, مضائق, تيران, البحري, الإسلامية, العصر, وتبعد, العزيز, تشتهر, تتميز, مغاير, بطليموس, وكالة, شمالاً, تتميّز, عليها, نهاية, الهجري،, سليمان, البلدة, تولوا, وتتبع, المويلحي, والآبار, زواياها, أسباب, جاءوا, ويورد, الحاج, المويلح:, مرتفع, اللوحة, المناطق, الدفاع, المعروف, البناء, التجار, فتحات, تسميتها, ماءها, اليوم, عبدالعزيز, القانوني, ساحلي, بوابة, كانوا, آبار،, المراجع, العرب
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