World Cupidia Encyclopedia among the landscapes of Al-Baha region for the second time
- 2021-09-16 17:45:09
Proceeding from the first visit to Al-Baha region on 10th First Jamadi1440 AH, on which the team was honored by welcoming and meeting His Royal Highness Prince Dr. Hussam bin Saud bin Abdul-Aziz, Governor of Al-Baha:
The World Encyclopedia of Cupidia visited the region for the second time during the period from 29th Dhul Qi'dah to 1st of Dhul-Hijjah1442 AH to complete the documentation of historical and heritage information, elements of tourism and information that can be conveyed to the world. Where the team traveled between the governorates of (Al-Qura), (Baljurashi), and (Al-Hajra) and visited the region’s secretariat and (the Literary and Cultural Club).
And attending many events and meeting with officials, sheikhs and dignitaries of the region.
Along with it you will find all the information obtained by the encyclopedia from its reliable sources:
Al Baha Municipality:
Preparations and activities of the Al-Baha Municipality and its affiliated municipalities in the Sarat sector in the region for the summer season of 1442 AH. Special for the World Cupidia Encyclopedia
It is one of the governorates of Al-Baha region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is considered the northern gateway to the Al-Baha region and the first tourist stop facing the vacationer on his way from Taif to Al-Baha and Abha through the mountains and hills on their sides agricultural terraces undulate, in addition trees, shrubs and green herbs are scattered, embodying a picture of the natural beauty of the universe.
Al-Qura Governorate is distinguished by its location on the dual international road, which made it of great importance among the governorates of the region. Its center is Al Atawilah. It enjoys many projects and services like other governorates of the region during the era of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, may God protect him.
The Governorate of Al-Qura is located on the heights of the Sarawat Mountains, between (41) longitude and (20) latitude, and it rises approximately (2200) m above sea level. It is located to the north in relation to the Al-Baha region, as it is located on the main line that connects Taif - Al Baha - Abha and is about 40 km away from Al Baha and about 180 km from Taif and about 370 km from Abha.
The population of the Al-Qura Governorate and its suburbs reached more than 36,779 people, the majority of whom are from Zahran and Ghamid. Genealogical sources confirm that most of the residents of the Al-Qura Governorate hail from Azd Shanoua, who was said to have migrated to the region from the south of the Arabian Peninsula following historical events or natural disasters, opinions differed in their causes. There are those who say that no one can be certain that this area was devoid of residents before the occurrence of the Great Arab Migration in the south of the Arabian Peninsula, but that it was completely inhabited in its eastern parts, at least, and what supports this is the presence of many inscriptions with a primitive spirit in separate areas such as Jabal (//), in addition to the caves near those places and a few serrated stone fragments.
The topography of the governorate is similar to the topography of Al-Baha, where Al-Qura Governorate is considered an agricultural mountainous governorate.
There in it is Mount Shomrokh: with “o” after sh and r, a mountain located north-east of the valley of Al-Qura of Sbeiha in the Hijaz, and from it is the Taif, Al Baha, Abha Road, the south line.
It is located north-east of the city of Al-Baha, and it is one of the most important valleys of the Hijaz. It starts from the bottom of Jabal Al-Arq from the south and meets with the torrent of Al-Asaed in Al-Susiyah in the Turbah Valley. A number of villages are located on its eastern and western banks. It is famous for the cultivation of pomegranate, which was exported to all regions of the Kingdom and the Gulf, annual Pomegranate Festival is held for it, as well as the cultivation of peaches, apricots and grapes, in addition to wheat and corn. At the top of the valley, there is one of the largest dams in the region, which is the Bidah Dam. It impounds a large amount of water that forms a large lake located between those reefs, and there is also Sbeiha Dam and Ma'shuqa Dam.
Archaeological sites such as:
The ancient village of Al Atawilah, the village of Al-Qahad, the castle of Bakhrush, the ancient village of Al-Daba, the ancient village of Al-Ghatameya and the mosque of the village of Alkaleba in Bani Adwan. The old Karadasa mosque, the old village in Al-Shu’bah, the Suwaid fortress in Al-Qawarir, the Saadan fort, the judges’ houses in the village of Huzah and the fortress of Al-Harshan in Sbeiha Al-Olaya, the archaeological village of Al-Qasma, the forts of Dahmeh in Ma’ashuqa, the horse trail in Al-Nasef in Beidah, many forts and castles, gold mines in Al-Tuwaimat, iron mines in the national wealth, and the inscribed library in Manhal.
Its climate is temperate, where the weather is warm in the summer and interspersed with rain sometimes, and in the winter the weather is cold and fog and showers of rain. Al-Qura Governorate is one of the most beautiful summer resorts.
The famous Wednesday’s market in Atawilah, which is held on Wednesdays every week, has a body that supervises it and regulations that guarantee the safety of its visitors and their goods and ensure their movement in Atawilah for three days before the market, the day of the market and one day after the market.
Thala'a Bani Adwan market is located at the top of Jabal Shamrock, next to the Taif-Al-Baha-Abha Road
1/ Bani Adwan Center and Bani Harir.
2/ Bidah Center and Al Ziyad metropolis.
3 / Ma'shuqa center and Ma'shuqa metropolis.
4 / Nakhal Center and its metropolis, Mahd Asharah.
5 / Turbat Al-Khayalah Center and its metropolis Turbet Al-Khayalah.
The most important villages of the province:
There are 120 villages connected to the Governorate of Al-Qura, including:
Atawilah, Al-Makatim, Beida, Al-Qahad, Turbet Al-Khayla, Al-Hakaman, Subiha, Mahd Asharah, Al-Ziyad, Ma'shuqa, Ashtaa, Mahwiya, Muduhz, Hazah, Bathan, Nakhal, Karadesh, Kalba, Al-Wahdah, Bani Muhammad, Al-Dahwat, Al-Habashi, Quraish Al-Hassan, Al-Mithila, Al-Mashareq, Al-Saeedan, Al-Mashareq, Al-Habashi, Mahwiyah, Al-Marwa, Sbeiha, Al-Shu’bah, Al-Karadisah, Al-Sada’an, Al-Tharaween, Al-Humaydan, Al Salman, Al-Qareer, Al-Quhad, Al-Qahban, Manhal, Al-Kisma, Al-Tharaween.
The Supervisory Office of Zahran Schools was opened in it as the first education office in the region, and now it has:
5 secondary schools, 7 middle schools, 30 primary schools for boys and the same for girls, in addition to a training center for teachers, another for training female teachers, a neighborhood club and a school health unit.
Al-Qura General Hospital and more than 10 primary health care centers. In addition to the Zahran private clinic, 4 private pharmacies, and Al-Tharwa National Dispensary.
Al-Ain Club in Atawilah and 4 sports centers, including the Sports Center in Bani Adwan for the Development Committee, the East Atawilah Sports Center established by the municipality, and the Barcelona Stadium and the Sports Center in Bidah for the Development Committee
There is no doubt that the environmental conditions have imprints on the quality of food, in addition to the effects of economic life and the climate that nature provides or the agricultural crops that the land provides.
Al-Baha region was famous for its popular dishes, and it still represents a manifestation of pride in preparing and eating it, in addition to being a manifestation of generosity and honoring the guest.
One of these famous dishes
Daghabees: one of the most popular popular dishes, and its ingredients include corn flour, wheat or millet flour, spices, onions, ghee and honey.
Kabsa: the favorite main dish, made of rice, meat and raisins, with whole sacrificial sheep and goats.
Al-Labza: It is made from the same ingredients as the previous ones for the Daghabis
Al-Mathariah: It is made from flour, meat, broth, ghee and honey
Mlabaneh: It is made from corn flour or millet flour, spices, ghee and honey
The bread: It is kneaded from wheat or corn flour and thrown on a thin rock under the blazing fire
Porridge: It is made of flour and cooked on the fire, then it is rubbed well and eaten with ghee and broth.
One of the most prominent features of the region is the light food they offer when visiting, where families exchange visits at certain times and without prior notice, which indicates simplicity and generosity. The host offers his guests Arabic coffee, tea, mint, dates, honey, fruits and almonds, for which the region is famous.
Projects such as roads, streets, lighting and landscaping, models, and many social and service projects have been established there, including:
The popular square in Ashtaa
Benkhal popular square
The popular square in Beni Adwan
Establishment of a headquarters for the Tuesday market of Bani Adwan
The National Wealth Park and it competes with the ancient Raghadan Forest
Nakhal National Park, which includes a mosque, two parks, a special section for youth, and the municipality plant nursery
Sbiha parks and views over a large area and at the highest place and give a wonderful panorama of the north of the province
Bidah Junction Walk
The permanent pomegranate market in Bidah junction
Mahd Asharah park
East Atawilah (basketball, volleyball, football and handball) playgrounds
Qawafil valley Park in Beida
Shamlani Museum in Atawilah
Nasser Al-Fayan Museum, West Atawilah
The governorate also has many committees, such as the Land and Services Committee, the Development Committees in each center, the reconcile Committee, the Shelter House and the media center team in the governorate.
Al- Atawilah is located about 45 km north of Al-Baha region on the road linking the Taif Governorate with the Al-Baha region. It is administratively affiliated to the Governorate of Al-Qura, which is affiliated with the Emirate of Al-Baha Region. Al- Atawilah is the administrative headquarters and the center of the governorate, and it is one of the most populous, most prominent and advanced and urbanized towns.
Climate: Mild, so that in the summer the weather is warm and interspersed with rain showers, and sometimes, in recent years, fog has fallen over the place in several periods of summer.
The name Al- Atawilah is spelled “A-t-a-w-i-l-a-h” (Descendant of the Zahran tribe. Ali Sadran)
The age of this town is over 1,000 years (Al-Tibyan in the Genealogical History of Zahran. Ali Sadran)
9000 people according to the Statistics Authority
Since most of the reports prepared for this town did not address the urban renaissance that Al-Atawilah enjoyed, we will shed light on the most prominent of it in a nutshell.
Its most prominent monuments are:
1- East Al-Atawilah: It is the area that presented its forward-looking vision for the development of Al-Atawilah by Finblanco Company (Ahmed Hajjar) in 1402 AH, which is currently supported by the Municipality of Al-Qura Governorate, where it directed the development compass to East Al-Atawilah, which includes many facilities, including:
- East Al-Atawilah Scheme
- Developmental Housing Scheme
- East Al-Atawilah park
- Al-Ain club land
- The headquarters of the Municipal Council of Al-Qura Governorate.
- Recreational investment lands belonging to the municipality
And many lands allocated to government agencies (such as education, traffic, police, state security, and the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue).
2 - West Al-Atawilah, which includes the largest scheme in Al-Atawilah, Al-Matal site, and the El-Fian Museum.
3- Matoh Valley.
4- Wednesdays Market: which was held on Thursday and then was changed for some social repercussions to Wednesday, which began to disappear like other old popular markets in the Al-Baha region, which the Committee for Social Development in the community sought to revive by holding the fourth and fifth heritage festival in cooperation with the people of Al-Atawilah and the official authorities, especially the Emirate of Al-Baha region and the Governorate of Al-Atawilah, which was very popular and resonated with holidaymakers from all over the Kingdom.
5_ The Archaeological Village: which is one of the most famous and prominent heritage and archaeological landmarks in the Al-Baha region, where the heritage villages in the Kingdom constitute an important tourist tributary. It creates tourist horizons with its components that are in total a unique architectural masterpiece, the most prominent of these components are:
A - The old mosque, which is considered one of the largest mosques in the Al-Baha region, which was recently restored within the project of Prince Mohammed bin Salman to restore ancient mosques.
B- The sheikhdom's house or the so-called fortress of the sheikhdom. Which consists of several floors and is distinguished by its unique color, attractive design and brilliant construction details.
C- The old primary school or what was called in the old times, Al-Katatib, which was the nucleus of formal education in Al-Atawilah for boys and girls after that.
D- Damas fortress, which was built next to the Sheikhdom fortress as a protection for the fort and the village in general from any attacks.
E - Al Shamlani Museum, which includes many artifacts.
6- The Green Valley, which is the first of its kind in the southern region, as it embodies the condition of the old farms after the old wells, agricultural terraces, irrigation canals, and plowing were simulated in very primitive ways of splendor and mastery where the idea was from Mr. Ali bin Saad Saed Al-Zahrani and it was implemented with the support and funding of the National Social Development Committee and the men of Al-Atawilah. (A field study of the problems and needs of Al-Atawilah within the community partnerships of the Development Committee in Al-Atawilah and Al-Baha University. Dr. Hamada Al-Saadoun and the research team 1436 AH.
Bakhroosh bin Alas Castle:
Reason of nomenclature:
The castle is attributed to Prince Bakhrush bin Alas Al-Zahrani, one of the leaders of the first Saudi state. He built the castle in 1228 AH, during the reign of the first Saudi state, for military purposes to confront the Ottoman invasion of the Arabian Peninsula and to be the place of his emirate.
A brief summary of Prince Bakhroosh bin Alas:
Name: Bakhroosh bin Alas Al-Zahrani.
Date of birth: 1170 AH.
Place of Birth: Al-Hassan Village.
Rank: Prince, Ruler, Knight.
Education status: Able to read and write.
Legal capacity: appointed Emir of Taif by order of Imam Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud (Source: Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
History of his emirate in Zahran: He assumed the entire emirate of Zahran in 1218 AH, and it lasted for 12 years until the date of his murder in 1230 AH.
The headquarters of the Emirate: the village of Al-Hassan, which includes the mosque, the well, the trench, the horse stable, the watchtower, and the military forts.
His death: He was murdered, may God have mercy on him, in 1230 AH at the age of 60 years.
Place of death: Al-Qunfudhah.
The events before his death: he was treacherously captured, and he was freed from the hands of the Ottoman treachery, and the guard was killed and five with him, and they were able to catch him and return him to his tent with his companion, Prince Tami bin Shuaib. They did not kill him directly, but continued to stab him with spears and arrows, and he did not groan in pain until he died of bleeding, may God have mercy on him. Muhammad Ali Pasha received messages of congratulations from the Ottoman Empire for his killing of Bakhrush!!
Adapted from (Title of Glory in the History of Najd Book, Othman Bin Abdullah Bin Bishr)
Historians say regards him:
John Louis Burckhardt, the Swiss historian, said:
Bakhrush is one of the wisest Wahhabi leaders.
Giovanni Vinati, the Italian historian, said:
“The Arabs did not witness braver than Bakhrush in his time.”
The location of the castle: It is located in the village of Al-Hassan in the Al-Qura Governorate, in the north of Al-Baha region, in a distinguished location, elevated from its surroundings, carefully chosen on four facades.
First: the center of the castle:
The castle is almost square in shape surrounded by a wall estimated at about 2000 square meters, located in the two southern corners of it are two circular-shaped war forts that are still in their old condition, consisting of three floors in each fortress, about 70 holes for archers designed in an engineering and tactical manner that provide protection for the archers and expose the entire surrounding area.
The northern side of the castle is fortified with a wall, overlooking a slope that is difficult for the enemy to break into. Several buildings belonging to the castle are linked to the wall.
In the center of the castle is a square-shaped fortress that is considered the beating heart of the castle. It consists of five floors, of which three floors remain. This tower is distinguished by its white color and elaborate construction, and the stones used in its construction in terms of type and large size compared to the rest of the other buildings, and it has openings for observation and shooting.
Inside the castle there is a circular pool with a diameter of about 4 meters from the top and a graduated depth of about 6 meters below the surface of the ground, which was used to store water inside the castle.
Inside the castle there is a fortified building called the House of Money. It is characterized by the absence of windows, and it has only one entrance. It was used to store money, livelihoods, grain and food supplies to the castle.
The castle contains horse stables, weapons stores, soldiers' camps, and guest boards.
The castle also contains several buildings, formations, corridors and secret doors to move between its interior parts.
A circular fortress was recently built in the northwest corner of the citadel, similar to the main forts.
Second: The external parts of the castle:
The southeastern fortress: It is connected to the castle and is circular in shape, consisting of two floors, and it has about 40 shooting holes, with a wall attached to it from the eastern side and a wall from the southern side. It is the first line of defense to protect the trench and the water resource (the well of Rahwa).
The Trench: connects the southeastern fortress with the well (its features have disappeared due to urban development).
Cemeteries: They are located on the southeastern side, and there are four cemeteries, in which the dead of the Ottomans were buried in the Battle of Wadi Quraish, which took place next to the castle in 1230 AH.
Bakhroush bin Alas Palace: It is considered a private residence for him, located on the eastern side of the castle, consisting of two floors with three facades surrounded by courtyards and walls, and it is independent and not linked to any other building.
Subul Al-Sultan: It is located in the south of the castle and is considered one of the main roads in the village, linking the east and west of the village.
Third: The area surrounding the castle:
The area surrounding the castle contains archaeological houses and forts for the people of the village. The most prominent of these forts is a fortress called (Hubeish Fort) located on the southwestern side of the castle in a square shape, from which two floors remain, and another fort called (Nabet Fort) located on the western side of the castle It consists of five floors and has a square shape.
It contains the ancient mosque that was demolished and a modern mosque was built in its place, and it has many corridors, roads and squares.
Among the most important historians who wrote about Bakhroosh bin Alas:
The Swiss Burckhardt in his book (Journeys in the Arabian Peninsula).
Italian traveler Giovanni Vignati (Adventures in Arabian Peninsula).
British explorer Geralt de Gauri writing (The Rulers of Mecca).
French explorer Maurice Tamiset.
Othman bin Abdullah bin Bishr, his book (The Title of Glory in the History of Najd)
It is considered one of the valleys of Sarat known to the inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula.
Wadi Beida extends from the north of Wadi Bani Sar in the south to Wadi Torba in the north, and its length is approximately 100 kilometers. It is located east of Al-Qura Governorate in Al-Baha region, south of Torba in Taif Governorate and west of Al-Aqiq Governorate.
Wadi Baida is also known as Wadi Bathan, and it is also called “Baida Bathan”, and it was the meeting point for cars coming from Taif to land their cargo. Its people shop at the most famous market of Bathan in the ancient era at the level of the markets of the tribes of Ghamid, Zahran, Balharith, al-Baqoum and Bani Malik.
Among the tourist attractions in Bidah are the presence of many parks at the time, the most important of which are the Wadi Bidah Dam Park, the New National Treasure Park, the Caravan Valley Park, and the Khorsan Park, which is characterized by the density of Sidr trees from the top of the valley to the bottom.
Governmental Centers and Departments:
Emirate Center Police Station Court Civil Defense Center Agricultural Office Post Health Center 10 primary schools (boys and girls), 5 middle schools (boys, girls) 4 secondary schools (boys, girls) two primary memorization schools (girls) an intermediate for memorization school (girls).
The most important dams: Wadi Baidah Dam, Al Hudaym Dam, Al Aziza Dam, and Nabhan Dam.
Most important villages:
Al-Zarba Al-Ghamis Al-Ghatamiya, Al-Matarfa Al-Aqrabeh, Ahl Al-Ras, Al-Raqban, Al-Hadiri, Al-Hazem Al-Ala, Al-Hazem Al-Asfa, Daghman, Winter, Al-Wahdah, Al-Qareer, Al-Shatta, Al-Qamrah, Al-Jadalan and Al Salman.
The most important agricultural products:
Bidah Valley is famous for a number of agricultural products such as apricots, figs and peaches of all kinds, as well as grapes and pomegranates.
It is held annually, which is one of the main festivals in the region, and work is being done to develop it every year, as it is held in the Baidah Junction near the farmers to be close to them and their products and for their convenience and for availability of their products.
-Nakhal Center is located in the north of Al-Baha region and is considered the northern gate of the region and its entrance towards the city of Taif on King Abdulaziz Road, which connects the Al-Baha region with Taif
Nakhal Center is one of the centers affiliated to the Governorate of Al-Qura in Al-Baha region
Nakhal is named after the abundance of palm trees, as it is considered an agricultural area famous for palm cultivation, honey production and livestock breeding.
Nakhal has a population of 5,000, all of whom are from the Zahran tribe
Nakhal Center consists of 24 villages
There are many development facilities in Nakhal, most notably: King Salman Mountain Training Center, Arada Valley Dam, Nakhal Advocacy Complex, and strategic water desalination storage.
The Nakhal Center enjoys the presence of the Nakhal Mosque, which is considered a cultural landmark and a destination for visitors to the Al Baha region coming from the Taif region, which is characterized by the splendor of construction and the quality of performance.
Baljurashi governorate is one of the largest governorates of Sarat Al-Baha region, its southern gate and its commercial and economic center. In addition to its elements of tourist attractions and archaeological sites, it made it a destination for tourists and a place for hikers. What distinguishes Baljurashi from the rest of the governorates is its wide view of the Tihama plains across a longitudinal strip that extends more than 160 km. Baljurashi is linked to the Tihama sector through two main obstacles; The first is King Abdullah Road “Aqabat Hazneh”, which is a major artery linking Baljurashi and Al-Makhwah. The other, Aqabat Alabnaa, is linked to Wadi Al-Khaitan and Namira, which contributed to reviving the tourism, economic and commercial movement of the governorate.
In light of the pioneering orientation of His Royal Highness Prince Dr. Hossam bin Saud bin Abdulaziz, Governor of Al Baha region in the tourism industry and making it one of the most important economic resources for the region and the region’s charming nature and moderate atmosphere, forests and parks received great attention and increased readiness to provide all services before the summer season every year. Among the most prominent features of Baljurashi: -
Forts and castles
Baljurashi contains many historical sites and forts, castles, most notably the forts of the village of Al Masn’a, which is surrounded by more than ten forts on all sides, with the aim of protecting them from enemy penetration, in addition to storing foodstuffs, as well as using them as astronomical observatories to determine the season of planting and harvesting.
*The heritage village is located in the heart of Baljurashi Governorate, on a high hill adjacent to the Saturday Market
It consists of four villages (Al-Awdhah, Al-Salamiah, Al-Ghazi, and Al-Rakba).
* The architectural style used in the village is the same as that used in all heritage villages in the Al-Baha region
*Used in the construction of houses granite stones cut from the surrounding mountains
The tops of the buildings are decorated with white quartz stones
* Strong trees such as tamarisk and juniper were used to roof roofs, doors and windows
* The doors and windows are decorated with exquisite decorative patterns that reflect the architecture of the ancient design and decoration.
* Al-Safa Mosque
It was named by this name in relation to a large rock called Al-Safa on which the mosque is located
There is a difference in the date of the construction of this mosque. Some historians say that it was built in the year 46 of the Prophet’s migration, that is, 1396 years ago. The date was engraved in one of the wooden pillars of the mosque. There are those who say that the mosque was built 400 years ago, as it was used in the construction of the modern construction method
The municipality of Baljurashi has restored the heritage village of Dar Al-Souk, including Al-Safa Mosque, and the five daily prayers are still held there, and hundreds of visitors and lovers of heritage and history visit it.
In the construction of the mosque, solid granite stones boulders were used, they were cut from the surrounding mountains. There is a window in the mosque called the “Beginning” overlooking the village and the historic Saturday market. The roof of the mosque is raised by a wooden column in the middle, which is called the yard on which the roof of the mosque is leaning.
The market in Baljurashi Governorate is considered to be in its historical place 4 centuries ago, as it is still held in its place and time since then, and it stores within it stories and tales told by the ancient heritage, and the popularity of the place with a great heritage, which was preserved by the people of the region.
The historic Saturday market is one of the largest markets in the popular region, and it still retains its historical splendor and its ancient character for more than 500 years. The market was an important commercial destination and a site of reconciliation between tribes and opponents, a destination for seeking knowledge, an important site for commercial exchange, and a passage for pilgrims passing through the Sarawat mountains back and forth.
The market has been held since that time in its old location at the beginning of every week until today, where sellers and buyers, men and women, gather, displaying their locally manufactured and imported goods, in addition to what their farms produce, and women have a share of the Saturday market, where they attend to sell municipal eggs, pigeons and chickens and some green vegetables, while the productive families participated in preparing many of the popular dishes and fresh tables for which the Al-Baha region is famous.
Due to its distinguished location in the pilgrims’ road and in the center of the surrounding villages and the ease of access to goods from the Qunfudah sea port, through a benign obstacle and the convoys of pilgrims coming from Yemen, the site was a meeting point for displaying goods, and the people were displaying their grains and fruits, which were produced by the land of Al-Baha and poultry And livestock, and they buy ornaments, dyes, and luxury utensils from these caravans, and the market’s fame has increased in applying strict standards to manipulators of weights and scales, and controlling order within the market, as well as being a cultural forum for transmitting news of villages and caravans.
The tribes used to go to the market on foot or on their animals, and they displayed what they had of agricultural products, plowing tools, janabis, knives, some clothing and crafts. Yemeni pilgrims used to go to the market and sell what they had of coffee, cardamom and grain, to help them complete the pilgrimage, and merchants came to it with their camels laden with goods from the markets of Abyssinia, Sudan, Qunfudhah and Makhwa and marketed them on Saturday.
The market had its sanctity and prestige, so it was forbidden to attack anyone in the market precincts, or to display weapons, and even revenge ends inside the market, so what is known as the “market leadership” arose, a terminology that was said in the past for what is now known as the market board, and it is their responsibility to solve problems that occur in the market square, especially the tribal ones, which made the market permanent stability and wide fame and made it a destination for all shoppers, merchants and the general population of the region and neighboring regions, and to monitor the scales and weights, and whoever violates these regulations will be punished and defamed in the market.
In the past, the market was a meeting place for tribes and a means of transmitting news. Those who had the talent for eloquence and eloquence climbed on the roof of a shop in the middle of the market, known as the “Bedouin” to deliver a sermon, and then listed the events and news, reminding them of the legislation regulating the market and the deterrent penalties for those who violate it.
Al-Baha Land Products
The most famous of what is sold now in the market are all kinds of legumes, honey, ghee, basil, kadi, birds of all kinds, fodder obtained from the breasts of the Tihama Mountains, coffee, cardamom, spices, tar extracted from the oam tree “wild olive”, and some handicrafts, women’s clothing, handicrafts and incense.
Among the most prominent products produced by Baljurashi farms are almonds, apricots, peaches, apples, lemons, and other types of vegetables, wheat, barley, pomegranate and grapes. Its people are also famous for producing and selling honey. Therefore, an association of beekeepers was established to organize an international festival in which more than 50 countries participate, and an exhibition accompanying the festival that includes an exhibition for shopping and entertainment.
In the market for each type of merchandise there is a section and a section in the market. There is a “price” for all types of grain and what is sold by the measure, and another for carpentry, a third section for the sale of machines, clubs and agricultural equipment, a section for the sale of ghee and honey, another section for firewood, a site dedicated to the sale of woolen mattresses, and another for the sale of vegetables and fruits. A place to sell livestock.
Among the archaeological landmarks of Baljurashi, there is the village of Luqman, named after Luqman al-Hakim, whom the villagers believe is buried there. It is mentioned that the tomb was in the past a mausoleum with two doors; One for entering and the other for leaving, thinking that the owner of the grave might benefit or harm them, and people used to go to him to seek blessings and seek sustenance, until this was removed in the Saudi era, and the grave was leveled with the ground.
One of Baljurashi's natural landmarks
It is the highest mountain peak in Sarat Al Baha
It is about 2364 m above sea level
It is characterized by large rock formations, high altitude, and a diversity of plants and trees
Juniper trees abound
The municipality of Baljurashi crowned its mountain peak with luminous lights in the form of arches seen from different parts of the governorate
Ya’la bin Muslim Al-Ahwal Al-Azdi mentioned him in his poetry when Abdul-Malik bin Marwan ordered his imprisonment, and he was a fatal thief. From what he said in his poetry:
I was haunted by lightning without him Shadwan
Yaman and lightning perished every Yemeni
I stayed at the Sacred House, imagining
Taking cover by longing and double insomnia
I wish I had a drink of Hazna water
Chilled after having been on Al-Tahian
أرقت لبرق دونه شدوان
يمان وأهوى البرق كل يماني
فبت لدى البيت الحرام أخيله
ومطواي من شوق له أرقان
فيا ليت لي من ماء حزنة شربة
مبردة باتت على الطهيان
One of the ancient roads paved with granite stones in a unique geometric way
It connects Baljurashi Governorate with Al-Makhwah below Tihama
It was named after the historic village of Hamida below
Humida stairs did not know a specific date, and rock carvings dating back thousands of years were seen on its rocks.
Humida stairs extends from the edge of the village of Al-Madan down to the village of Hamida and then to Al-Makhwah, and that the road was crossed by convoys of pilgrims and merchants coming from Abyssinia and Sudan through the port of Al-Qunfudah, as the Turks used it before the Saudi era to try to penetrate Baljurashi as it was an important commercial center.
In the middle of the road there is a large hollow rock that can accommodate about 20 men with their stuff and belongings called “Camel’s Knee” where they rest from the troubles of the road.
The most important feature of the governorate is the presence of many parks along the South Road. Baljurashi Municipality has been keen to provide it with all recreational services, green areas, umbrellas, and toilets, starting with Prince Miteb bin Abdulaziz Park in Bani Kabir, Al Raya Park, Al Salam Park, and Umm Ghaith Park. The municipality of Baljurashi has built fences surrounding the gardens to protect visitors and children, in addition to spacious car parks. These parks are rest stops for travelers, as well as the presence of cleaning teams around the clock, and a park ranger.
Tourism and parks
National Park in Baljurashi
One of the most important parks in Al Baha, due to its location in the center of the governorate and near residential complexes and neighboring villages, which made it a destination for visitors and parks.
The design took into account the simulation of the nature of the courtyard and the surrounding environment.
Its seats are designed from granite rocks and its corridors are decorated with cobblestones in a unique geometric way.
Established on an area of more than 500,000 square meters, it includes an administration building, a pedestrian walkway, 135 sessions for families and youth, football, handball and volleyball fields, 14 children's play areas, five fast-food and buffet locations, a cycling area and an outdoor theatre. The park also includes a VIP area, in addition to a number of car parks, asphalt paths, irrigation networks for grass and forests, feeding networks for service buildings, and a network of road lighting and sessions.
It represents a quantum leap in the field of tourism development.
It penetrates several villages overlooking the Thami strip.
It is 40 km long and 20 meters wide.
Umm Ghaith Park
It has a direct view of the Tihama plains.
Provided with all service facilities, children's amusement park and green areas.
Bridge Botanical Garden
The most famous tourist farms in Al Baha are Bridge Botanical Garden, which is a unique model for agricultural tourism and a modern type of tourism. The Bridge Botanical Garden is located in the village of Al Jalahiyah in Baljurashi Governorate and is named after the wooden suspension bridge that connects the two banks of the garden with a length of approximately 100 meters. The design of the bridge, which was implemented by one of the specialized companies, took into account the high level of safety and allows visitors to listen to an upper view of the garden, in addition to the pleasure of photographing from the top of the bridge, as well as the adventurous spirit of the bridge crossers.
The garden, which opened in its first phase, includes a water table that cuts through all sessions and sites, in addition to using it to irrigate the farm
The owners of the farm relied on nature to design the corridors sessions to mimic the ancient heritage of the area
The farm also has about 250 trees, and visitors enjoy picking the ripe fruits for free
It is located in the south of Baljurashi Governorate, in the center of Al-Balshahem, on an area of 41,7647 square meters
* It is about 20 km away from Baljurashi Governorate
* Classified in terms of area, the second forest compared to the governorate forests
* The municipality of Baljurashi rehabilitated and developed it by establishing:
*Another spacious entrance and a gate to the park
* Create walking tracks
* Creating places at the top of the park that include seats, green spaces, children's toys, and toilets
* Make aesthetic models for the park
Dam Al Janabin Park and Garden
*Located within the scope of the municipality services of Bani Kabir in the Janabin Center of Baljurashi Governorate
It is about 25 km away from the governorate.
Wadi Al-Janabin is characterized by the abundance of water flowing into the valleys from the mouth of the dam
* Other tables added to the valley a natural beauty
* The municipality of Bani Kabeer built a garden directly overlooking the dam with an area of more than 31 thousand square meters
*Consists of 3 sections for families, youth and children *Includes 35 multi-shaped umbrellas between sailing and wooden
* Green areas with an area of 8000 m2
It includes a 2,000 meter long sports lane
* It has 170 parking spaces
* 1200 linear meter long cornice overlooking the dam
Elderly Honor Society
The "Ikram National" resort project is being implemented within the projects of the Charitable Society for Honoring the Elderly (Ikram) in the region.
The cost of the Ikram National Resort project exceeds 26 million riyals
* It is located on an area of more than 30 thousand square meters
*Includes a hospitality building that can accommodate about 200 elderly men and women
* Central restaurant, library, pharmacy, clinic, health, sports, cultural and social club
*A mosque that can accommodate 400 worshipers from the resort’s guests and from outside, in order to connect the guests with the outside community and other services that the guest needs.
* The National Ikram Project is the first phase of the association's projects
* The association implemented a number of programs, including the Loyalty Honor Program - Your Guest Your Doctor Program in cooperation with the Charitable Society for the Care of Rheumatoid Patients and an initiative. “Stay at home..we are by your side” which aims to purchase and deliver food baskets and medical supplies to those who do not have a family
Beekeepers Cooperative Society
* The Beekeepers Cooperative Society was established as the first beekeepers cooperative in the Kingdom
Among its important plans
* Activating cooperation and community participation between beekeepers and various agencies
* Rehabilitation of beekeepers and specialists in the field of beekeeping and providing them with income-generating technical skills
* Providing various services to beekeepers
Manufacture of many beekeeping supplies and the production of various bee products
* The project of establishing a training center (the Institute of the Beekeepers Cooperative Society in Al-Baha International for Training).
* Youth training project and developing the professional capabilities of beekeepers in the Al-Baha region
* The main bee pasture development project:
* Society's guest house
* Bee supplies storage warehouse project
* Project enclosing the property of the Society
* Residential commercial building project
Work is underway in a residential commercial building (hotel) for the Beekeepers Cooperative Society in Al-Baha, after coordination with the municipality and acquiring a 1500 square meter plot of land in the Abnaa area.
* Beekeepers Society headquarters project (commercial mall)
With the efforts of the association and in coordination with the municipality, a special market for honey was obtained, so that one market is dealt with by the consumer and there is supervision over the entry of honey to this market in terms of quality and quality. This market contains 25 stores, and a mosque, 19 of which are rented to beekeepers and traders. The other is owned by the Beekeepers Cooperative Society as stores, management and factory.
* Project to develop agricultural extension work for beekeepers
* Society Carpentry
* Society Museum
*Honey analysis and quality laboratory
* Society workers housing
* The Society organized 12 international festivals that include the best types of honey, during which it offers many training courses and workshops, in addition to marketing and promotional activities
*The Society has achieved many international awards in the quality of honey.
It is one of the governorates belonging to the Al-Baha region, located in the Tuhami part, and it was approved as a governorate in 1432 AH.
The center of the Emirate of Al-Hijrah was established in the year 1352 AH as the first emirate in the Tuhami sector in the Al-Baha region and the second in the Al-Baha region after the Emirate of Al-Dhafeer during the prosperous Saudi era, may God bless him
Al-Hajra Governorate is located in the northwestern part of the Al-Baha region of the Tihama sector, specifically at the western end. It constitutes an important strategic and tourist location, linking Sarat and Tihama on the one hand, and on the other hand, between the regions of Makkah and Al-Baha.
Also, the meaning of (Hajra) in the Waseet dictionary is (side).
It was called by this name in relation to its famous valley (Wadi Al- Hajra), which divides Al- Hajra Governorate from north to south
It is the largest of the valleys, and most of the valleys of Al-Hajra flow into it. This valley is united with Wadi Alib, and their mouth is the Red Sea
In mentioning Riyadh in the Arab countries in the dictionary, it says:
“The gardens of the Doss Hajra - Doss is a tribe of the Azd, including the great companion Abu Huraira, may God Almighty be pleased with him - and they have a place called the Doss Hajra, in which there was an incideny between Bani Kinana and Doss in it, and to this day it is known as the Doss Hajra.”
Ibn Wahb al-Dawsi said:
If you come to our Hajra, we will tie its corners, then you will be like the one yesterday
We love our Heaven gardens as Barren and grazing as you would if the camels were silent
The historical Wadi Alib also mentioned in pre-Islamic and Umayyad poetry, including what the poet Abu Dahbal al-Jumahi said:
The rising of the sun did not scatter until it became clear… in Alib, bright and campy palm trees
And didn't drink until she folded her reins... and was afraid that she would go crazy and talk
Wadi Alib is the largest of the valleys in Al-Hajra Governorate, Al-Baha region, southwest of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This valley is famous for the flow of water in it throughout the year, and there are forests of arak trees and pours into the Red Sea directly, and birds migrate to it in the spring.
Centers associated with Al-Hujrah Governorate:
- The governorate center has about 100 villages
- Center of Gardaa Bani Ali: It was established in 1399 AH. It is located on the eastern side of Al-Hajra Governorate and connects between the governorate and the Al-Baha region on the Aqaba Dhi Manaa Road, and it has 43 villages.
- Al-Jrain Center: It was established in 1405 AH. It is the gate of the governorate from the western side and the end of the borders of the Al-Baha region with the administrative borders of the Makkah Al-Mukarramah region, and the number of villages affiliated to it is 46 villages.
- Wadi Rama Center: It was established in 1429 AH and is located between the two centers of Gardaa Bani Ali and the Center of Al-Shu`ara. The number of villages affiliated to it is 53.
- Bani Atta Center: It was established in 1434 AH and is located in the north of the governorate. It is a separator between the administrative borders of the Emirate of Al Baha Region and the Emirate of Makkah Al Mukarramah Region, Adham Governorate, and the number of villages affiliated to it is 25 villages.
Al-Hajra Governorate Boundaries:
On the North: It is bordered by Dhi Rahjan, Raya Al Mahjah, and the administrative borders of Adham Governorate, which is affiliated to Makkah Al Mukarramah Region.
South: It is bordered by the Poets Center in Qilwah Governorate.
East: it is bordered by the Sarawat Mountains.
West: Al-Shawaq Center in Al-Laith Governorate, Makkah Al-Mukarramah Region.
Area: The area is estimated at about 1800 km, i.e. a length of 60 km in the north and south, and an estimated width of about 30 km in the east and west, and it is crossed by the Makkah Al-Mukarramah Road, Al-Laith, which is connected to the Triangle of Naber Al-Shu`ara, Qilwah Al-Makhwah Al-Baha.
Climate: hot in summer, moderate to cold in winter, and heavy rains in winter.
Topography: The topography of the governorate varies between mountains, valleys and flat lands as we head towards the Red Sea coast.
Population: The population of Al-Hajra Governorate and its centers is approximately (30,000) thirty thousand people.
Commercial movement in the governorate and the most important markets:
The Sunday market is located in the heart of the governorate, and it is one of the oldest markets in the southwest of the Arabian Peninsula. It is a commercial gathering at the level of the Tihami sector from inside and outside the region, and it is now bearing the new color of the markets in terms of trade and others.
Al-Hajra is considered a fertile agricultural land, and agriculture depends on rainwater, and the most important agricultural crops are (corn, millet, sesame, hibiscus, cantaloupe).
It is famous for raising livestock in abundance, such as: sheep - goats - camels and cows, due to the abundance of pastures and the expansion of the province
The most important valleys and dams:
Wadi Al-Hajra - Wadi Alib - Wadi Asra - Wadi Rama - Wadi Al-Jarda - Wadi Hilih
Wadi Meltain - Wadi Khaba - Wadi Taman - Al-Hajra Dam - Wadi Athal Dam - Wadi Rama - Wadi Hawal - Wadi Dua
Tourist sites and monuments:
- The historic Sunday market, which includes the fortress of the Sunday market, the old shops and the houses of the Hadramis of Baabdullah, which is in the center of the governorate
- The ancient village of Ghutait in the governorate center
- The fortress of Riea Al-Ketaa
- The ancient village of Fadala and the village of Al-Kaf in Al-Jarda Center
- Mutair Al-Aish village, in the center of Al-Jarda - Bani Asim village
Al- Hajra Governorate is rich in many commercial sites of various types, which provide:
Citizens with their daily needs
Governorate government departments
Al-Hajra Governorate Municipality
Al-Hajra Governorate Police Station
Civil Defense Center
Al-Hajra Governorate Education Office
Red Crescent Center
Al-Hajra General Hospital and Primary Health Care Centers
The Commission for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice
Advocacy and Guidance Office
Endowments and Mosques Office
Water Services Branch
Comprehensive social unit
A number of school complexes for boys and girls
Charitable societies and civil committees in Al-Hajra
Al Ber Civil Society in Al-Hajra.
Committee for Social Development in Al-Hajra.
Al-Ber Association in the Jreen Center of Al-Hajra.
Orphan Care Association in Al-Hajra.
Holy Quran Memorization Society in Al-Hajra.
The Association for Advocacy and Guidance in Al-Hajra
Phones of government departments in the governorate:
Al-Hajra Governorate 0177415480
Al-Hajra Governorate Municipality 0177415253
Al-Hajra Civil defense 0177415203
Red crescent in Al-Hajra 0177250704
Al-Hajra Development Committee 0591443547
Al-Jreen National Society 0555779441
Al Ber National Society in Al-Hajra 0177415255
Orphans Association in Al-Hajra 0177415383
The Authority in Al-Hajra 0114908888
Call and Guidance Association 0504583417
Literary Cultural Club:
Al-Baha Literary Cultural Club in brief
- Founded in 1415 AH
- There is no specific number of beneficiaries, but we hold one or two activities every week. The average attendance for each activity is 50
And now through the Zoom program, it exceeds 150
At the quarterly meetings, the number is greater
Among the most important achievements of the Al-Baha Literary and Cultural Club during the last period:
Al-Baha Literary and Cultural Club held six international forums for the Arabic novel, in which senior Arab and foreign critics and novelists participated, until Al-Baha became (the capital of the Arab novel). With the testimony of senior Arab critics, his forums were an important reference for graduate students in all universities in the Arab world, as well as for researchers in the field of Arabic novel.
- The Arab Poetry Festival in Al-Baha Club is one of the distinguishing marks at the national level, which represented the largest Arab poetry festival, with the attendance of 56 poets in its first edition and 64 poets in its second edition from various countries of the Arab world.
- The club was unique in holding an electronic poetry festival via Skype and Tango on the International Poetry Day 1436 AH. The participations were from Arab poets from all countries of the world and left wonderful imprint.
The club won for the third year at the level of the Kingdom in the number and diversity of publications.
The club issues (four periodicals), which are:
The Forum – Brooq - Duke - Jurn.
17 different books of the club’s publications won local and Arab prizes
Al Baha Literary and Cultural Club Award, which focused on studying the literature of the people of the region in particular, as well as local and Arab literature in general
During this stage, the club took care of the young creators of the region in the field of printing and adopted the printing of the first edition, during which creative and distinguished people emerged in various literary fields.
The club focused on developing young talents, as it held training courses and workshops in the fields of poetry, story, essay and theater.
- The club also focused on developing the patriotic spirit among young people through an innovative event (the love of the homeland grows in the creativity of the buds), whether by drawing or writing
- young kids activities, where the club had an interest in young kids through the program (Creativity young kids) for primary school students.
Al-Baha Literary Club Cup (Sports) is a distinct and different activity, as the club adopts a sports league in the governorates of the region to spread culture in the sports field and introduce young people to the club’s activities and the services it can provide to them.
- The club set up a project (Our Security is in Our Youth), which focuses on developing the patriotic spirit among young people and protecting them from deviant and aberrant ideas.
- Like the rest of the clubs, the club did not delay to participate in any Arab and international occasion, such as the International Day of Poetry, the Day of Story, the Arabic language, the teacher, the book, and others.
Al-Samra cultural activity is an open activity similar to a cultural café
- The club did not neglect the many governorates of the region, as it distributed its summer and winter activities there, and the governorates’ activities received a distinguished presence from the people of the governorates
Al-Baha Literary Club was distinguished by its participation in its cultural activities in the Janadriyah Festival, where evenings, lectures, seminars and competitions were held in the Al-Baha House in Janadriyah and found a great turnout and appreciation from the cultural community
- The club’s platform did not subside throughout the year, various weekly activities, poetry evenings - critical - cultural - intellectual
- The club held local and Arab partnerships with Al-Baha University, Al-Baha Education and the Social Committees, as well as El-Mina University in Egypt, Al-Entshar House in Beirut and some libraries inside and outside the region to distribute its publications
- Although the club is in a conservative area, it has taken care of women and the image that befits them and made them a partner in all the club's activities. It is rare for a weekly activity or event to be held without women's participation.
- The club did not neglect the issue of fine arts, since fine arts evenings were held, in addition to the fact that the club made one of the most important activities accompanying its annual gatherings and festivals, to hold plastic exhibitions for the people of the region and other prominent plastic artists, as well as Arabic calligraphy.
- A frank meeting with an official, where the club invites one of the directors of the service departments in the region to talk about his administration during the half-time of the evening and the second half of the evening for the public and the beneficiaries of his administration’s services to complain and highlight the shortcomings and the confrontation takes place in a sophisticated cultural manner.
- The club took the initiative to transmit its activities through live broadcasts, and it was a gesture that no club had preceded, and it was not limited to weekly events, but the poetry festival and the novel forum were moved, and the followers were from all over the world.
- The club had previously set up a mini-library in the halls of Al-Baha Airport, and this gesture found great resonance with visitors to the area.
- The club also distributed stands for its publications in the region's hotels and waiting halls in service departments and hospitals.
- The traveling book fair between the parks and forests of the region, which was popular with vacationers and citizens
- The club held events and competitions in public places such as large malls and tourist festivals, which found great interaction from citizens and allowed the club to publish its publications to the public and highlight its activities.
- The club held the first festival (Story and the Very Short Story) in the Kingdom, with the participation of more than 100 male and female storytellers, during which the club honored the great pioneers of story and short story in the Kingdom, as well as those who served the short story and some of the region’s cultural symbols from the people of the region.
- On the sidelines of the festival, the largest short story exhibition was held with the participation of dozens of male and female storytellers with their story collections, as well as publications of other literary clubs in this field and local publishing houses.
- The club started its cultural project (symbols in memory), which is concerned with celebrating the creative people of the region who have been forgotten by the cultural community. This project was launched with the evening of (Louisiat Saad Al-Thouei, may God have mercy on him).
- Within the program (symbols in memory), the club organized humanitarian cultural evenings under the title (their right to us), where members of the council and the region’s intellectuals visit the cultural symbols of the elderly who are unable to come to the club’s headquarters by visiting them in their homes to talk about their experience and achievements
- The club organized periodic forums, which it started with the Youth Forum, then the Plastic Artists Forum and the Media Forum, and it will continue to establish a forum for calligraphers, theater, photography, cinema and short films….
- The club obtained from the Municipality of Al Baha region a land area of 11,000 square meters in (Shahba Forest), and we invested in the honor of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, may God have mercy on him. They built the club’s buildings, then the well-known businessman Sheikh Saeed Al-Anqari donated the completion and finishing of the club’s hall and the rest of the buildings so that the club building would become a beacon in the Kingdom in general, not just the courtyard.
It was inaugurated by His Royal Highness Prince Hossam bin Saud, Governor of Al-Baha region, and its opening coincided with the Short Story Festival, with a large cultural presence.
The club made a cultural tour during the summer of 1439 with its distinguished activity (the Summer Cultural Forum) in all the governorates of the region to involve all the people of the region in its pulpit and artistic activities.
- The club entered into a partnership with the General Administration of Prisons, in the presence of His Highness, the Governor of the region, so that inmates benefit from its publications and to set up some of its evenings in prison, and to attract those who have talent among them.
also a partnership with the Abwab Voluntary Association
- The club held the first theater forum virtually, and it was the largest and most comprehensive at the level of literary clubs with Arab participation.
- He produced and presented at his theatrical meeting the cave play (Kaynouna “entity”), as the first Arab experience in theatrical caves.
- The third poetry festival under the title (Except the Messenger of God) to defend the Messenger, upon him be the best prayer and peace
- The summer cultural convoy that wanders through the region’s forests, parks and gardens in all its governorates - A mobile book fair - A visual presentation of the club’s achievements - Live cultural competitions - A live meeting with an intellectual from the region or among the vacationers.
The library contains more than 7000 books.
These reports are for the World Cup encyclopedia
From the following references and sources:
Al Baha Municipality
Media Center in Al-Qura Governorate
Media Center in Baljurashi Governorate
President of the Literary and Cultural Club in Al-Baha
Major General Staff / Ali Muhammad Al-Zahrani
Mr. Mansour bin Jamaan Al-Zahrani
The visit is sponsored by:
Hadid Bin Dajam Group (Official Sponsor)
Al Wissam Satellite Channel (Space Sponsor)
Abu Sarhad Group (official carrier)
Advanced Vision (co-sponsor)